Credits and Further Reading


This digital tour was co-curated by Dr Alvin Lim (National University of Singapore) and Dr Emily Soon (Singapore Management University). Alvin focused on the material from 1840-1900 and Emily concentrated on the period 1900-75. Emily’s research was supported by a National Museum of Singapore Research Fellowship (2019-2020).

We would like to thank the following organisations for kindly granting us permission to reproduce images from their collections:

- Asian Civilizations Museum

- Crescent Girls’ School

- National Archives of Singapore

- National Museum of Singapore

- Raffles Institution

- Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine

Further Resources on Shakespeare and Singapore

Performance archives:

Yong, Li Lan, Suematsu Michiko, Kobayashi Kaori and Lee Hyon-yu eds., Asian Shakespeare Intercultural Archive (A|S|I|A), <>

Donaldson, Peter S. and Alexa Alice Joubin eds., MIT Global Shakespeares <>

Books, Articles and Resources:

Burnett, Mark Thornton, Shakespeare and World Cinema (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012), pp. 126-59

Joubin, Alexa Alice, Shakespeare and East Asia (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2021)

Ng, Eleine, ‘Rojak Shakespeare: Devouring the Self and Digesting Otherness on the Singapore Stage’, in Eating Shakespeare: Cultural Anthropophagy as Global Methodology, ed. Anne Sophie Refskou, Marcel Alvaro de Amorim and Vinicius Mariano de Carvalho (London: Bloomsbury 2019), pp. 224-245

Prasad, Vina Jie-Min and Stephanie Ho, 'P. Krishnan', Singapore Infopedia <>

Singapore I-Lien Dramatic Society, Singapore I-Lien Dramatic Society presents "The Tempest" by Shakespeare (Singapore: Singapore I-Lien Dramatic Society, 1983)

Smith, Philip, Shakespeare in Singapore: Performance, Education, and Culture (Abingdon: Routledge, 2020)

Soon, Emily, ‘Cultural Inclusivity and Student Shakespeare Performances in Late-Colonial Singapore, 1950-1959’, Shakespeare Survey 74 (2021), pp. 167-179

Singh, Jyotsna, Colonial Narratives/Cultural Dialogues: 'Discoveries' of India in the Language of Colonialism (Abingdon: Routledge, 2003)

Tan, Marcus, Acoustic Interculturalism: Listening to Performance (London: Palgrave, 2012)

Tan, Sooi-Beng, 'From Popular to 'Traditional' Theater: The Dynamics of Change in Bangsawan of Malaysia', Ethnomusicology, Vol. 33, No. 2 (Spring-Summer 1989), pp. 229-274

———, Bangsawan: A Social and Stylistic History of Popular Malay Opera (Singapore: Oxford University Press, 1993)

Teo, Daniel, 'ATRC and the Search for a Theatre', Centre 42, <>

Van Wyhe, John, Dispelling the Darkness: Voyage in the Malay Archipelago and the Discovery of Evolution by Wallace and Darwin (Singapore: World Scientific, 2013)

Yong, Li Lan, ‘Ong Keng Sen’s “Desdemona”, Ugliness, and the Intercultural Performative’, Theatre Journal, 56 no. 2 (2004), 251–73

———, ‘Romeos and Juliets, Local/Global’, in Shakespeare’s Local Habitations, ed. Krystyna Kujawinska Courtney and R. S. White (Lodz: Lodz University Press, 2007), pp. 135-54

———, ‘Singapore’, in The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare, ed. Michael Dobson, Stanley Wells, Will Sharpe, and Erin Sullivan, 2nd edn (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015), p. 503